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Diagram of energy flows and back-up system
Diagram of energy flows and back-up system

The future energy landscapes of Twente
The future energy landscapes of Twente

Impression of energy landscapes in Twente
Impression of energy landscapes in Twente

Brief for the Hengelo-Enschede-Oldenzaal triangle – Twente’s energy back-up
Brief for the Hengelo-Enschede-Oldenzaal triangle – Twente’s energy back-up

Impression of algae production and Twence power station
Impression of algae production and Twence power station

Impression of transitional zone between city and agricultural energy production landscape
Impression of transitional zone between city and agricultural energy production landscape




PROJECTINDEX
 
NEW ENERGY TWENTE
Rotterdamse Academie van Bouwkunst
URBAN DESIGN

With Twente as a case study, this project presents a spatial-programmatic strategy for the transition to a self-sufficient region
In December 2015, world leaders meeting in Paris agreed by consensus on a historic climate agreement that will have enormous consequences for our spatial planning. One of the key objectives is to gradually reduce greenhouse gas emissions by between 80 to 95% of what it was in 1990. This will keep global warming down to 2°C. It will mean moving away from fossil fuels to renewable sources of energy. But this leaves the question of how these policy objectives will impact on how we organize and configure our country and its urban regions. In the Netherlands, we are unable to generate all renewable energy at sea or in other places that are out of view. If we wish to meet the objectives of the Paris Agreement, the regions will have to generate their own energy. This will bring change to our urban and rural landscapes.
New Energy Twente addresses the three aspects of the energy transition: users, sources and transport & storage. We need to concentrate on these three to give a full picture of the energy transition issue. Twente, the urbanized eastern part of Overijssel province, has been chosen as a case study. This region is exemplary for the Netherlands in that its land use, population density and energy consumption reflect Dutch national averages. New Energy Twente documents the energy transition in Twente and in doing so illustrates the task facing the Netherlands as a whole in the coming 35 years.
Right now Twente consumes roughly 55 petajoules of energy every year. This will have to be reduced to 40 PJ to limit the impact on the landscape. Only a quarter of this can be produced inside the built environment, which means the rest will have to be produced in the surrounding countryside. To keep the valuable cultural landscapes intact, the project turns to the new moorland reclamation areas, which will be used to generate solar and wind energy and for the production of biomass.
Biomass production has an important duty to perform in the modifications made to the landscape. The biomass landscape, which is to optimize the fermentation of surplus manure, presents a transition between the city and the cultural landscape with its solar and wind parks. Lastly, these naturally wet areas lend themselves perfectly to collecting peak water from the urban region.
A back-up system is essential when making use of local renewable sources so that the energy demand can still be met in periods of shortage. Twence power station, Akzo Nobel’s sustainable salt extraction project, Twente Airport and the agricultural companies can all play a part in their different ways for the Twente region. Collaborations between these players can create a circular system whose key components are energy storage, the processing of CO2 and the production of supplementary energy. For Twente, this not only guarantees a stable supply of energy but also provides new economic incentives.