Nederlands English

Propaganda poster om nieuwe kolonisten uit te nodigen in de Haarlemmermeer / Propaganda poster inviting new settlers to Haarlemmermeer
Propaganda poster om nieuwe kolonisten uit te nodigen in de Haarlemmermeer / Propaganda poster inviting new settlers to Haarlemmermeer

Een nieuwe poldergrammatica die de basis legt voor de ontwikkeling van duurzame voedselpolders / A new polder grammar as the basis from which to develop sustainable food polders
Een nieuwe poldergrammatica die de basis legt voor de ontwikkeling van duurzame voedselpolders / A new polder grammar as the basis from which to develop sustainable food polders

Masterplan Haarlemmermeer; een robuuste rand met voedselbossen en waterbuffers, gelegen naast een polderpalet met gevarieerde voedselproductie / Haarlemmermeer master plan: a robust edge of food forests and water buffers alongside a polder palette of varied food production
Masterplan Haarlemmermeer; een robuuste rand met voedselbossen en waterbuffers, gelegen naast een polderpalet met gevarieerde voedselproductie / Haarlemmermeer master plan: a robust edge of food forests and water buffers alongside a polder palette of varied food production

Mogelijkheden voor gevarieerde gewasproductie op verzilte zandgronden; onderdeel van een rijke beplantingsmatrix voor de polder / Possibilities for varied crop production in saline sandy soil; part of a rich planting matrix for the polder 1 Chenopodium quinoa 2 Cucumis sativus 3 Solanum lycopersicum ‘Raf’ 4 Amaranthus caudatus 5 Secale cereale 6 Asparagus officinalis 7 Triticum aestivum 8 Beta vulgaris maritima 9 Hordeum vulgare 10 Cichorium endivia 11 Beta vulgaris rubra 12 Medicago sativa 13 Avena sativa 14 Cyperus esculentus 15 Carum carvi 16 Papaver somniferum 17 Diplotaxis tenuifolia 18 Crambe maritima 19 Borago officinalis 20 Beta vulgaris altissima 21 Limonium vulgare 22 Crambe maritima sprouts 23 Crithmum maritimum
Mogelijkheden voor gevarieerde gewasproductie op verzilte zandgronden; onderdeel van een rijke beplantingsmatrix voor de polder / Possibilities for varied crop production in saline sandy soil; part of a rich planting matrix for the polder 1 Chenopodium quinoa 2 Cucumis sativus 3 Solanum lycopersicum ‘Raf’ 4 Amaranthus caudatus 5 Secale cereale 6 Asparagus officinalis 7 Triticum aestivum 8 Beta vulgaris maritima 9 Hordeum vulgare 10 Cichorium endivia 11 Beta vulgaris rubra 12 Medicago sativa 13 Avena sativa 14 Cyperus esculentus 15 Carum carvi 16 Papaver somniferum 17 Diplotaxis tenuifolia 18 Crambe maritima 19 Borago officinalis 20 Beta vulgaris altissima 21 Limonium vulgare 22 Crambe maritima sprouts 23 Crithmum maritimum

Waterrand met ruimte voor zoetwateropslag, visserij, natte teelten, natuurontwikkeling en recreatie / Water’s edge with space for fresh water storage, fish farming, aquatic crops, ecological development and recreation
Waterrand met ruimte voor zoetwateropslag, visserij, natte teelten, natuurontwikkeling en recreatie / Water’s edge with space for fresh water storage, fish farming, aquatic crops, ecological development and recreation

Verfijning in het originele poldergrid middels een nieuwe waterlijn met gelaagd beplantingssysteem / Refinement of the original polder grid by means of a new waterway with a layered planting system
Verfijning in het originele poldergrid middels een nieuwe waterlijn met gelaagd beplantingssysteem / Refinement of the original polder grid by means of a new waterway with a layered planting system

Verrijking van het originele poldergrid door een nieuwe laag met kolonie-woningen / The original polder grid enriched by a new layer of settlers’ houses
Verrijking van het originele poldergrid door een nieuwe laag met kolonie-woningen / The original polder grid enriched by a new layer of settlers’ houses

Het conventionele landbouwsysteem vs. een duurzaam landbouwsysteem A Conventioneel B Duurzaam 1 CO2 2 O2 3 Broeikasgasemissies The conventional food landscape vs. a sustainable food landscape A Conventional B Sustainable 1 CO2 2 O2 3 Greenhouse gas emissions
Het conventionele landbouwsysteem vs. een duurzaam landbouwsysteem A Conventioneel B Duurzaam 1 CO2 2 O2 3 Broeikasgasemissies The conventional food landscape vs. a sustainable food landscape A Conventional B Sustainable 1 CO2 2 O2 3 Greenhouse gas emissions




PROJECTINDEX
 
PERMANENT POLDER FOOD
Wageningen Universiteit en Researchcentrum
LANDSCAPE DESIGN

A study into the theory and practice of permaculture, the value of cultural food heritage and the construction of sustainable regional food systems informs this architectural landscape design for Haarlemmermeer as a sustainable food region.
The emergence of global food systems has transformed Dutch food regions into monofunctional production landscapes. This has brought about cultural fragmentation and a deterioration in the environment, as well as undermining regional autonomy. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has been calling for more sustainable agroecological models and a reinterpretation of our current food system. This challenge requires new, adaptive and holistic approaches that guarantee the protection and development of cultural and ecological values while ensuring the livelihood of farmers. Landscape architects must also be agricultural architects and lead the way in designing these sustainable food systems. In Permanent Polder Food, the iconic Dutch food region of Haarlemmermeer serves as a testing ground for putting this knowledge of sustainable food systems to use in design practice.
In the planning area, the existing monocultures are contributing to soil subsidence and farmers are faced with salinization and a shortage of fresh water. In addition, the typical polder framework of Haarlemmermeer, with its rich history of farm types, is threatened by massive urban development in the shadow of Amsterdam and Schiphol. Based on the three theoretical concepts of sustainable regional food systems, cultural food heritage and permaculture, the project seeks a landscape architectural solution to these threats. A new polder grammar is to lay the basis for Haarlemmermeer as a leading food landscape for the future. This grammar is a means of determining, for each soil type, which plants can be cultivated and where there is space to store fresh water. A plant matrix based on permaculture helps farmers to choose from a variety of crops available for each soil type. The typical Haarlemmermeer framework has been enlisted to strengthen the regional polder structure in this regard. At the local scale, a fine-grained landscape structure has been designed to advance crop diversity, to give a human dimension to the landscape and, building on Haarlemmermeer’s tradition as a farming colony, to create room to house new settlers, farmers with a pioneering spirit. Calculations made of comparable sustainable food systems show that a great variety of crop production, in combination with permaculture techniques, can result in a more profitable model than current monocultures. Lastly, the project opens up opportunities for interesting earning models such as agricultural cooperatives and regional branding.
The design for a sustainable food landscape in Haarlemmermeer has been generalized into eleven design principles. These can be used by landscape architects as practical resources for developing sustainable food regions worldwide and are a first step towards compiling a toolbox for agroarchitects.