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Master plan legend A vegetation, grassland B forest (Mata Atlantica) C paths and drainage system D concentric configuration 1 the pavilion 2 the terraces 3 the tailings path 4 accident site
Master plan legend A vegetation, grassland B forest (Mata Atlantica) C paths and drainage system D concentric configuration 1 the pavilion 2 the terraces 3 the tailings path 4 accident site

Section A-A’: Some general guidelines have been distilled from the design of the Post-Mining Wonder. Three are aligned with ecological values, fostering environmental knowledge and appreciation of the surroundings, while the other four are not necessarily aligned to the promotion of deeper ethical reflections on the relationship between humans and nature.
Section A-A’: Some general guidelines have been distilled from the design of the Post-Mining Wonder. Three are aligned with ecological values, fostering environmental knowledge and appreciation of the surroundings, while the other four are not necessarily aligned to the promotion of deeper ethical reflections on the relationship between humans and nature.

The pavilion: this structure stands high up in the landscape at the former site of a tailings pile. Its purpose is to recall the pile and the views to be had from it but it can also host exhibitions and itself give a panoramic view of the area and its surroundings.
The pavilion: this structure stands high up in the landscape at the former site of a tailings pile. Its purpose is to recall the pile and the views to be had from it but it can also host exhibitions and itself give a panoramic view of the area and its surroundings.

The accident site: this area is to be studied and shown from different viewpoints, close by and far off. It is also intended to convey the feeling of instability so typical of the site.
The accident site: this area is to be studied and shown from different viewpoints, close by and far off. It is also intended to convey the feeling of instability so typical of the site.

The post-mining experience path: the newly created landscape is the result of combining the research outcomes. Each part of the landscape evokes a different experience and has its own logic. In addition, the scenic aesthetic component of the mining site is deployed in various interventions in the area’s redevelopment.
The post-mining experience path: the newly created landscape is the result of combining the research outcomes. Each part of the landscape evokes a different experience and has its own logic. In addition, the scenic aesthetic component of the mining site is deployed in various interventions in the area’s redevelopment.

The terraces: these structures are located where the dam’s stairs used to be, as a reminder that that function has been made redundant.
The terraces: these structures are located where the dam’s stairs used to be, as a reminder that that function has been made redundant.

The tailings path: this path offers the experience of a walk above the tailings (an area generally kept closed to the public) and gives a powerful impression of the dramatic scale.
The tailings path: this path offers the experience of a walk above the tailings (an area generally kept closed to the public) and gives a powerful impression of the dramatic scale.





PROJECTINDEX
 
EXPERIENCING THE POST-MINING WONDER
Wageningen Universiteit en Researchcentrum
LANDSCAPE DESIGN

A new future for post-mining landscapes in the Quadrilatero Ferrifero (MG), Brazil
The technological developments of the last hundred years have left us with many abandoned industrial landscapes that constitute a threat to the local environment. These include post-mining landscapes, which are expected to grow in number worldwide in the coming decades. Reclamation, as defined in the literature by Alan Berger (Professor of Landscape Architecture and Urban Design at MIT), has the ability to recover these landscapes as a laboratory for new scripts, minimizing their negative impacts and maximizing their aesthetic and ecological functionality. Berger denounces the inability of landscape designers to look at these landscapes purely from a technical and economic perspective. Again, many experts in different fields of knowledge have addressed the issue of how to integrate the aesthetic experience beyond the traditional connotations of beauty adhered to in the sustainability discourse. Although there are many good examples these days of reclamation projects, there is almost no literature about the way the scenic aesthetic component relates to ecological values. This holds especially for such controversial places as post-mining landscapes.
In my thesis, I have investigated this phenomenon with a design project for the Quadrilatero Ferrifero in Minas Gerais, Brazil. To understand how reclamation can be achieved, I conducted qualitative research in which the scenic aesthetic and the ecological components were analysed separately. Then I used my design capacities to combine these two apparently divergent perspectives for this site, drawing up a number of guidelines that could be applied to other such post-mining reclamation projects.